Such an ethic of self-control was predicated on the notion that we should all work hard at our calling. There are two reasons why this happened. Priests married and then took mistresses, holy offices were bought and sold for the highest price, incompetence among the clergy became the rule, the congregation of more and more people in towns and cities perhaps exposed the amorality and immorality of the clergy.
Switzerland and the Dutch Netherlands became independent states and France acquired the rights to Alsace. Inthe Peace of Augsburg brought an end to religious wars in Central Europe by dividing the numerous German states between Catholic and Lutheran authority.
And despite the Inquisitionthe work of the Dominicans and Franciscans, and even a holy crusade, heretics and heresies continue to grow more numerous and more vocal.
And, his message fell on ready ears -- in other words, the German people were ready to listen to a man like Luther since he seemed to speak their language. Although capitalism as a form of economic organization had not yet infiltrated Europe, these producers and money-makers knew that more money and power was theirs if only their lives were less regulated by the Church.
The Treaty of Westphaliasigned October 24,allowed the fragmentation of the Holy Roman Empire into more than three hundred sovereign states. In general, the period between and is an interesting one. The Christian had, up toalways found his or her faith by obeying the Church. Yet another problem facing the Church was that in the 16th century there were numerous reformers who were openly criticizing the Church for its numerous offenses.
Its members eventually intended the League to replace the Holy Roman Empire itself,  and each state was to provide 10, infantry and 2, cavalries for mutual defense. The French became the dominant power on the Continent, taking over the position held by Spain since the end of the 16th century.
Brandenburg and Bavaria increased their territory. Bythe Protestants were united under William of Orange against the tyranny of Philip.
The Imperial power retreated to Austria and the Habsburg lands. However, for Calvin, 99 out of men are damned. The Czech nobility lost everything, the economy lay in ruins and half the population had been killed by war or plague.
Episodes of widespread famine and disease devastated the population of the German states and, to a lesser extent, the Low Countries and Italy, while bankrupting many of the powers involved. The Inquisition enlarged its activities and heretical books were confiscated, burned, and catalogued by the Index Forbidden Bookswhich was adopted at the Fifth Lateran Council of and confirmed by the Council of Trent in At the same time, the gold reserves increased by twenty per cent.
Religious suffering is, at one and the same time, the expression of real suffering and a protest against real suffering. And then inthe Spanish attempted an armed naval assault upon the English.
This act extended the war from Bohemia to the Holy Roman Empire itself. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
An attempt at conciliation was made in -- the marriage of the nominal head of French Protestantism, Henry of Navarreto Margaret of Valoisa Catholic member of the royal family.
The first large-scale violence was engendered by the more radical element of the Reformation movement, who wished to extend wholesale reform of the Church to a similar wholesale reform of society in general.Conflict in Europe during Essay Describe Europe during the crisis period of What were some of the conflicts during.
From toEurope witnesses severe economic and social crises, as well as political upheaval. The so-called. price revolution. was a dramatic rise in prices (inflation) that was a major economic problem in all of Europe.
The European wars of religion were a series of religious wars waged in 16th and 17th century Europe, The conflict took place mostly in southern, In Marchthe "Amboise conspiracy", or "Tumult of Amboise".
Describe Europe during the crisis period of What were some of the conflicts during this period, and why were they significant? In your opinion, did the Witchcraft Trials play a significant role during this crisis period, and why or why not? Describe Europe during the crisis period of What were some of the struggles during this period.
and why were they important? In your sentiment. did the Witchcraft Trials play Read More "Conflict in Europe during Essay". Lecture 6: Europe in the Age of Religious Wars, Such a conflict was not merely one of words but of men fighting men.
initiative to set in motion an Industrial Revolution which would change the landscape of Europe and the world during the 19th century. The 16th and 17th centuries are also remarkable for the exploration of the.Download