How can we construct good multiple-choice items? A well designed aptitude test will contain items which measure the entire cross-section of critical incidents. Therefore the items should not be so easy that everyone answers it correctly and also it should not be so difficult that everyone fails to answer it.
But what often takes the most time is coming up with plausible distracters. There are vast arrays of instructional objectives. Provides similar suggestions for oral exams, portfolio assessment and performance measurement.
Whether the test items have appropriate difficulty level? Were there questions which most of the students with high grades missed? Testing and Assessment Issues. List the following events in chronological order: Test items should measure all types of instructional objectives and the whole content area: Planning the Test 2.
Each type of test item need special care for construction.
Does not assume learner is practiced with the process Start questions with an active verb such as "compare", "contrast", "explain why"; Offer definitions of the active verb, and even practice beforehand.
Guidelines for Test Design and Construction Step 1: On Opinion statements, cite the source of the opinion. What Kind of Questions should be constructed?
Combining various elements or parts into a structural whole.
In the essay type items clear direction must be given about the types of responses expected from the pupils. While deciding this we must keep in mind the importance of the particular objective for that subject or chapter. The Tested Response Behavior Items can also assess different types of response behavior.
Using research evidence from the literature, identifies eight key guidelines for writing good multiple choice items, with examples drawn from chemistry. A scoring key increases the reliability of a test.
Item analysis procedure gives special emphasis on item difficulty level and item discriminating power. The teacher should not interrupt the students at the time of testing.
You select distractors based on pre-test data. Try Out the Test 4.
What are the topics and materials to be tested? If no difficulties are indicated, it may be safely assumed that the learner has mastered the concept. General Guidelines for timing deadlines: Provides a fairly comprehensive list of recommendations for writing multiple choice items based on both psychometric research and logical deduction.
Two approaches can be taken: There are, of course, other language skills that cross-cut these four skills, such as vocabulary. Inappropriate vocabulary and awkward sentence structure should be avoided.
Use between 6 to 15 question stems, and two to three more response options than question stems. Provides a table that compares and contrasts the pros and cons of various test item types and specifies what learning outcomes they best measure.
United States Air Force. Which questions proved to be the most difficult?Provides a good, concise overview of the key elements involved in testing and grading, including test construction do’s and don’t, grading objective and essay tests, and evaluating your teaching.
Written for TAs but also handy for new/novice faculty.
Guidelines for Test Design and Construction. Trivially Easy to construct an essay test, compared to the time required to construct a multiple choice test. Essay Tests allow for the examination of higher order cognitive objectives. In addition, the objective scoring associated with multiple choice test items frees them from problems with scorer inconsistency that can plague scoring of essay questions.
Validity: Validity is the degree to which a test measures the learning outcomes it purports to measure. Integrate course objectives into the essay items Specify and define what mental process you want the students to perform (e.g., analyze, synthesize, compare, contrast, etc.).
Test Construction Rules for Essay Tests. 1. All examinees must take the same items. Do not give them a chance to choose which. Items used in the test construction can broadly be divided into two types like objective type items and essay type items.
For some instructional purposes, the objective type items are most efficient where as for others the essay questions prove satisfactory.Download