Written communication is recommended when evidence of events and proceedings are required to be kept for future references, when many persons must be contacted at the same time, when transmitting lengthy statistical data and when more formal authority is to be exercised.
A written communication means putting the message in writing and is generally in the form of instructions, letters, memos, formal reports, information about rules and regulations, policy manuals, information bulletins and so on. Based on organizational practices, communication can further be divided into internal and external, formal and informal, downward and upward, horizontal and diagonal, and grapevine.
These areas have to be covered in writing for efficient functioning of the organization. They are not only very fast but also link far distant location within no time. They play very important role in our daily life activities. Means of communication in Modern age Telephone and Mobiles Telephones and mobiles are most commonly used means of communication.
This was the slow and unreliable mean of communication. Radio and Television News and entertainment programmes are broadcasted on radio and television.
All these five elements can also be called the process of communication, that is, sender, message, method, receiver, and response of receiver. Internet has brought the whole world to a very small workplace.
Written communication can have its disadvantages in that it is very time consuming, especially for lengthy reports, there is no immediate feedback opportunity to clarify any ambiguities, and confidential written material may leak out before time, causing disruption in its effectiveness.
Letters Letters are most common means of communication. Horsemen were also used for sending royal messages in early ages. Voice quality, volume, speech rate, choice of words, and manner of speaking and extent of laughing. In organizations, non-verbal communication is very important for interpersonal relations.
Search engines help to search that information within no time. Appropriate dress reflects the status symbol. It could also be telephone conversation or intercom system conversation.
The most prevalent form of organizational communication is oral. In addition some of the work environment elements such as the building and office space can convey a message about the authority of the person. It involves a sender and a receiver. Diagonal communication cuts across the hierarchical barriers.
In organizations, communication is a continuous process of giving and receiving information and to build social relationships.
For quick and very urgent messages telegram can be sent through the telegraph office. Devices used to talk, or to send message one end to other, or from one person to other are called means of communication.
Typically, the longer you have to wait to see some one, the higher is his organizational status. Communication that flows from superiors to subordinates is downward communication, whereas communication that flows from subordinates to superiors is upward communication.
The news paper and magazines are printed in different languages. The choice of the method of communication would depend upon such factors as the physical presence of the receiver of the message, the nature of the message as to whether it is urgent or confidential and the costs involved in the transmission of the message.
Such interactions take place through the exchange of information through words, gestures, signs, symbols, and expressions. Non-verbal communication can occur without use of words. In organizations, however, language-based or verbal communication is more important.
Some of the meaningful communication is conveyed through nonverbal ways. External communication takes place between two organizations, that is, between the organizations and others outside the organizations. Similarly, artwork in the office and its neatness conveys an aura of professionalism.
Furthermore, it conveys a personal warmth and friendliness and it develops a sense of belonging because of these personalized contacts. Artificial Satellites are used to communicate with very distant locations.
Radio can be used only for broadcasting the audio whereas television can broadcast both audio and video for communication. The communication is the way of expressing our thoughts. They help anyone to talk to others anytime and from anywhere. All living beings communicate to each other in different ways.
They link not only the major cities but also villages of the whole world. You cannot wear T-shirts and jeans for an interview for a managerial position.The essay presents a discussion of the means of communication in both old and modern times based on their developments and progress of their features.
Claude Chappe developed the initial telegraph in that never used an electric signal. Devices used to talk, or to send message from one end to other; or from one person to other are called means of communication. Means of Communication are the necessary part of present life.
The word ‘communication’ is derived from the Latin word communism, which means common, because commonness of understanding is an essential component of all kinds of communications, more particularly in organizational communication.
Communication is not based just on a simple verbal interaction between people, but also on the body language and the facial expression which are also means of communicating a. Communication is the method by which people share their ideas, information, opinions and feelings. People sharing ideas, information, opinions and feelings may contribute to the operations of teams and the work of individuals.
Communication is a two-way activity between two or more people.
A written communication means putting the message in writing and is generally in the form of instructions, letters, memos, formal reports, information about rules and regulations, policy manuals, information bulletins and so on.Download