Institute of Economic Affairs, In fact, between andEngland was in the midst of a massive military build-up that was unmatched until World War I Williamson, p. The entire area of foreign commerce and trade was forced to contend with massive government regulation Ashton, pp.
To the contrary, it was the many forms of government intervention, not capitalism, which slowed British economic growth during the industrial revolution. Perhaps the only way to fully appreciate the impact of the industrial revolution is to look at those in the modern world who have yet to undergo industrialization.
Thousands of homes were starved in order to find the means for the great war. For the first time, there was a sense of hope and optimism. Although it is certainly true that urban conditions during the industrial revolution were appalling, the aforementioned improvement in mortality rates indicates that conditions were not bad enough to grievously affect the health of the city dwellers.
This progress took place despite constant warfare and other counterproductive forms of government intervention that significantly hindered improvement. Various government schemes to finance the war debt led to monetary instability and uncertainty. The industrial revolution spawned the attitude that progress could be made and problems could be solved.
Technological unemployment and underemployment It has been long held by many pessimists that the wage increases of the industrial revolution were eroded away by extremely high unemployment and underemployment rates caused by the introduction of labor-saving technology.
Per capita consumption of foreign cocoa, cheese, coffee, rice, sugar, and tobacco increased. Following graduation inJohn hopes to pursue a Ph. Clearly, improving mortality rates indicate that the standard of living rose during the industrial revolution.
Child Labor Another qualitative argument brought forth by the pessimists is that children were forced to endure long hours of work in unhealthy conditions. Indeed, it was the great improvement in productivity instigated by the industrial revolution that has enabled Western societies to banish child labor.
The new attitude to social problems that emerged with the industrial revolution was that ills should be identified, examined, analyzed, publicized, and remedied, either by voluntary or legislative action.
Although decidedly the most important, war was not the only form of government intervention that decreased the quality of life. Perhaps it is worth quoting Hartwell at length on this point: Openly admitting that the working class enjoyed higher wages, more food, and better clothing, these pessimists argue that the cost for such gains in material wealth was dear.
These factors and other evidence also suggest that most qualitative aspects of the quality of life at least remained stable, and probably improved. Harper and Row, The great population explosion that happened during the industrial revolution was fueled by a steep fall in death rates.
Deteriorating living conditions and longer life spans are difficult positions to reconcile. Debate on Europe New York: The Norton Anthology of English Literature. An even better indication of the rising affluence was the great increase of imported foods.
This monetary instability, coupled with severe harvest failures, led to rapidly increasing food prices throughout the Napoleonic Wars Redford, pp.
An excellent example is the changes in diet that occurred. In the long run, this meant fewer jobs and lower wages for the working class. But, for defenders of the classical liberal tradition of free enterprise, the industrial revolution is important for more insidious reasons.
Meanwhile, meat, vegetables, and fruits, long considered luxuries, were by eaten regularly Hartwell,pp.During the industrial revolution though, two new classes evolved named the middle class and the working class. The upper class was the wealthiest class.
The people in the upper class inherited their money from their family. The Industrial Revolution improved the standards of living for most people, but resulted in tragic living and working conditions for the working class. During the Industrial Revolution, people began migrating to the cities for a better life.
A Working Family. During the Industrial Revolution, people from the countryside flocked to cities and factory towns looking for a better life. They wanted to. The specter of working class poverty and misery during the industrial revolution has been and still remains an important justification for government intervention into social and economic affairs.
A vast amount of legislation, from minimum wage to antitrust laws, owes its existence to the anticapitalist mentality created by pessimistic views of. Transportation Revolution; Working and Living Conditions; Works Cited; LifeStyle.
Simply, the working conditions were terrible during the Industrial Revolution. As factories were being built, businesses were in need of workers. the middle class emerged. The middle class, skilled workers, managers, clerks. Get an answer for 'Specifically: rise of working class & Industrial RevolutionDiscuss the rise, or the development, of the working class as a .Download