Anytime you are taking information from a source that is not your own, you need to specify where you got that information. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Why use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries?
This sounds easy, but actually, it is challenging to condense a long article or story into words. Plagiarism is a serious offense in the academic world. Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form.
One short quote in a summary is enough. Finally, you should rotate use of all three methods to add stylistic variety to your paper.
Title—Title of the document; for web sites this is usually found at the top of the Web page. Why is this passage plagiarized?
Some students like to read, highlight, and annotate the section to make sure that they understand it. One of the most important things you need to be able to do is identify the major points of the article.
A good way to show your comprehension of what you have read it is to write a summary about the text. Think about the news broadcasters you watch on TV. Write it in Your Own Words Paraphrasing can be tricky, and requires some additional practice. This is what you want to do for your reader.
Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper. Access date—For web sites only, this is the date you viewed the Web page or accessed the information. If you want to include a small part of the article into your summary, always put quotation marks " " around what you are copying directly.
So it is important to limit the amount of source material copied while taking notes. A Brief Guide to Writing from Readings. The mental process required for successful paraphrasing helps you to grasp the full meaning of the original.
Students should take just a few notes in direct quotation from sources to help minimize the amount of quoted material in a research paper Lester The next important thing you need to be able to do is restate the major points in your own words.
Some examples to compare… The original passage the quote: Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source.The definitive research paper guide, Lester combines a traditional and practical approach to the research process with the latest information on researching and writing /5.
Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed.,pp. A legitimate paraphrase: In research papers, students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level. Since the problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim (Lester ).
James D. Lester, Jr. brings over thirty-five years of experience as a classroom English teacher to the 16th Edition of Writing Research Papers. Always aware of the varied and ever-changing trends in research styles, this latest version marks the 50th anniversary of the text. Dr. Lester received his Ph.D.
in English Education from. Writing Research Papers backs up its instruction with the most complete array of samples of any writing guide of this nature. The text continues its extremely thorough and accurate coverage of citation styles for a wide variety of disciplines.
Lester, James D. Writing Research Papers.
2nd ed. (): Passage #1 Students often use too many direct quotations when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the final research paper. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (): A legitimate paraphrase: In research papers students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level.
Since the problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim (Lester ).Download